After the ending of the era of the politicians and statesmen of the stature of Pandit Nehru, Sardar Patel and other such kind of politicians from the political scene of India, the politicians with little worth came into picture who were not having the deep root in the heart of all sections of the people of India occupied the scene. The politicians were not commanding the patronage of masses because of their ideal or policies and thus they started to widen the gulf on the basis on caste. They started the policy of caste appeasement and thus tried to vow their supporters not by development but by appeasing them and giving them the carrot of reservation.
This degradation started very early but its signs were seen after the Mandal Commission recommendations were implemented by the then government of Mr. V. P. Singh, the then Prime Minister of India. Mandal Commission was given the duty to identify backward classes and to examine the desirability or otherwise of making provision for reservations of appointments or tests in public services and in this way a new age of reservation was started. And on such basis the reservation for OBC was fixed at 27% on the basis of the recommendation made by Mandal commission. The politicians because of vote bank politics and political pressure started adding more and more castes within the framework of reservation forgetting the constitutional mandate that it is the backward classes that is to be protected not the castes. They done all the exercises only with the intention to divide and rule which was used by the Britishers in India prior to independence.