The Indian society comprises of people with diverse ethnicity, religion, nationality, linguistic preferences, caste, among many things. One such category of social stratification followed under the Indian Reservation System is a quota for backward classes such as – Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST), and Other Backward Classes (OBC). Here are also included Dalits, arguably the most backward and lowest denomination in India caste hierarchy.
Although the Indian Constitution guarantees to all its citizens’ fundamental rights such as equality, liberty, freedom of speech, etc., not all stratus have the same access to resources and opportunities. That is why a ‘Reservation’ system was introduced in the 1900’s to ensure equality in opportunities.
Did you know reservation was initially rolled out for just ten years? There have been many such ten years and the same system is still in place which was nearly a century ago!
The purpose of reservation may be right, but it excludes a majority of population from its policy, that is, this social inclusion has resulted in policy exclusion of so many people that deserving, qualified candidates belonging to the ‘General’ category are sitting at home while their positions are being enjoyed by not so deserving, not so qualified “reserved” categories. This system is highly unfair and in violation of the principles of justice in the face of it.
Also, many undeserving castes, which are otherwise prosperous and strong socially and politically have been able to muscle their way into the reserved categories.
What is the point of the reservation if it causes injustice to more than half the population? Hasn’t reservation stopped being relevant, if it ever was once?