While the expression ‘Natural Justice’ is nowhere used in the Indian Constitution, this is what the Preamble of our Constitution quotes:
“… and to secure all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity…”
According to the highlighted statements in the opening words of the preamble, and various other Articles laid down in the Constitution such as Article 14 (Right to Equality), Article 21 (Right to Life), etc. these can be understood as the base for principles of ‘Natural Justice’. In other words, ‘Natural Justice’ is the rule against bias and the right to fair treatment of all citizens in the eyes of law. The concept of ‘Natural Justice’ adheres to the “duty to act fairly” on part of the government.
Having understood what ‘Natural Justice’ means in its entirety, I ask myself – Is the Indian Reservation System in accordance with the principles of ‘Natural Justice’? Constitution guarantees social, economical and political justice TO ALL. But reservation doesn’t do that! Reservation doesn’t ensure “Equality of status and of opportunity” TO ALL either! It has an inherent bias towards certain lower communities in the society, and decides who these ‘lower’ communities are on the basis of caste.
It seems ‘Reservation’ is actually the opposite of ‘Natural Justice’. First, it is a form of “justice” created, against the natural aspect; second, it favors only a few handfuls completely violating the statutes of the Constitution. The question answers itself!